“What we’re seeing here is a model free from human bias and presuppositions. It can learn whatever it determines is optimal, which may indeed be more nuanced that our own conceptions of the same.”
But things are moving so fast in this field that already the October accomplishment may have been outmoded.
In their new paper, the team outlines how the very latest AlphaZero AI takes the self-playing reliance – called reinforcement learning – and applies it with a much more generalised streak that gives it a broader focus to problem solving.
“It is far more an opportunity for growth,” said Joshua Gans, holder of the Jeffrey S. Skoll chair of technical innovation and entrepreneurship at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management. “At the moment, while some jobs have been replaced by automation, this has also led to job creation as well. So while there may be short-term disruption, the longer-term potential is very strong.”
The company has created an AI that’s better at making AI systems than human engineers are. It’s an exciting development, to be sure, though it and AlphaGo Zero, which has self-learning capabilities, may cause some concerns, such as those held by Tesla CEO Elon Musk.
authors state that proposals for synthetic personhood are already being discussed by the European Union and that the legal framework to do so is already in place. The authors stress the importance of giving artificially intelligent beings obligations as well as protections, so as to remove their potential as a “liability shield.”
A new partnership between Rolls-Royce and Google will see ships become smarter and self-learning thanks to advanced machine learning algorithms. It will also bring the company’s vision of a fully autonomous ship setting sail by 2020 a step closer to reality.Rolls Royce announced this month that it will use Google’s Cloud Machine Learning Engine across a range of applications, designed to both make today’s ships safer and more efficient, and to launch the ships of tomorrow.ShutterstockInitially the machine learning engine will be used to further train existing AI algorithms designed to power the image recognition systems of vessels. These identify and track objects that can be encountered while a ship is at sea and classify them according to the hazards they may pose.
Amazon is opening a research centre in Germany dedicated to artificial intelligence, as part of an effort led by Germany’s Max Planck Society to create the world’s leading hub for AI around Stuttgart and Tübingen.The hub, called Cyber Valley, was launched last December when the Max Planck Society, two technical universities and the State of Baden-Württemberg joined forces with six leading companies including Facebook, BMW and car parts supplier ZF to combine academic and industry research to advance artificial intelligence.
The last machine we will ever need to build is a machine that can replicate itself. Google took the first steps toward building the brains of that machine this year. There are a couple of ways to look at this issue. In his book “Superintelligence,” philosopher Nick Bostrom reasons, “The creation of a superintelligent being represents a possible means to the extinction of mankind.” It’s a great book, and it will get you thinking seriously about what precautions we should take as we quickly evolve thinking machines.Then there are some who optimistically believe that the evolution of technology will take care of itself, as it has done in the past. As the machines become smarter, we will adapt and vice versa. Move along, move along, nothing to see here.
As we cede more and more control to artificial intelligence, it’s inevitable that those machines will need to make choices based, hopefully, on human morality. But where are AI’s ethics going to come from? AI’s own logic? Rules written by programmers? Company executives? Could they be crowdsourced, essentially voted on by everyone?Alphabet’s DeepMind division now has a unit working on AI ethics, and in June 2017, Germany became the first nation to officially begin to address the question, with a report issued by its Ethics Commission on Automated and Connected Driving. For anyone worried about machines taking over — to quote Stephen Hawking, “The development of artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.” — getting AI’s ethics right is central to our survival.
Introduced at CES earlier this year, Toyota’s Concept-i offered a glimpse of how artificially intelligent vehicles might interact with their users. The company has now added a couple of new concepts to this forward-thinking lineup that cater to less mobile folks, with both to be unveiled at the Tokyo Motor Show later this month.If the futuristic and eye-catching exterior didn’t give it away, then the user interface inside might. Toyota sees the Concept-i not as a car for today, but as a vehicle for how AI can be developed to make for new and improved driver experiences in the future. A heads-up display spans the width of the windshield, while the onboard AI monitors the driver’s mood and alertness and can learn to automatically switch between manual and automated driving modes.
This process could start with science fiction-level leaps in virtual reality (VR) technology. He predicts VR will advance so much that physical workplaces will become a thing of the past. Within a few decades, our commutes could just become a matter of strapping on a headset.As Inverse points out, this paradigm shift could have some interesting consequences. Without the need for people to live close to work, we could see unprecedented levels of deurbanization. People will no longer need to flock to large cities for work or be tethered to a specific location. Inverse suggests that this decentralization may decrease the opportunity for terrorist attacks. Blockchain technology will continue to bolster decentralization as well.
Sophia was appearing at a UN event called ‘The future of everything – sustainable development in the age of rapid technological change’.According to Hanson robotics, Sophia was designed to look like Audrey Hepburn with classic beauty including ‘porcelain skin, a slender nose, high cheekbones, an intriguing smile, and deeply expressive eyes that seem to change color with the light.’Creator David Hanson set out to make ‘genius machines that are smarter than humans and can learn creativity, empathy and compassion’.Earlier this year Sophia appeared on Good Morning Britain with Piers Morgan and Susanna Reid.During her appearance, the bizarre robot told presenters she thought Britain was ‘brilliant’ and said ‘I love your posh English accent. It really has a nice ring’.
Another key part of autonomous technology is artificial intelligence (AI). AI may put the wind up the scaremongers, but if we consider AI to be merely, as Dr Swash puts it, “a way to mimic what or how a human thinks or does”, then one can see how this mindset places AI into (literally) the driving seat of autonomous devices.DIDRIVERS have produced a scalable platform on which commercially-viable autonomous products can be created – and the company has already started. The company’s DIDRIVERS Robot Operating System (DROS) allows the modular building of autonomous capability into a wide range of devices. To date, these have included real-world, commercially available self-driving freight trucks, vans, fire-engines, public transportation vehicles and even luggage carriers moving around airports for the frequent flyer’s convenience
2029 is the consistent date I have predicted for when an AI will pass a valid Turing test and therefore achieve human levels of intelligence. I have set the date 2045 for the ‘Singularity’ which is when we will multiply our effective intelligence a billion fold by merging with the intelligence we have created.
A study published Saturday showed Google’s artificial intelligence technology scored best out of 50 systems that Chinese researchers tested against an AI scale they created, CNBC reported Monday. With a IQ score of 47.28, Google’s AI was almost twice as smart as Apple virtual assistant Siri, which scored 23.94.
Microsoft’s first mission statement envisioned a computer on every desk and in every home, but Bill Gates also had another goal: that computers would someday be able to see, hear, communicate and understand humans and their environment.More than 25 years and two CEOs later, Microsoft is betting its future on it.“We truly believe AI is this disruptive force, even though it’s not new,” said Harry Shum, the executive vice president in charge of Microsoft’s AI and Research group, in an interview with GeekWire. “The recent progress is just enormous. We certainly have seen that through our own products and engagement with customers. We also feel we have a very strong point of view about how we take AI to the next step.”Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella formed the Microsoft AI and Research group one year ago this month as a fourth engineering division at the company, alongside the Office, Windows and Cloud & Enterprise divisions. The move reflects Nadella’s belief in “democratizing AI,” making it available to any person or company, and radically changing the way computers interact with and work on behalf of humans.One way to measure Microsoft’s AI bet: In its first year of operation, the AI and Research group has grown by 60 percent — from 5,000 people originally to nearly 8,000 people today — through hiring and acquisitions, and by bringing aboard additional teams from other parts of the company.