As the UN delays talks, more industry leaders back ban on weaponized AI

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Just a few years ago, the idea of autonomous weaponry resided solely within the realms of science fiction, but the rapidly advancing fields of AI and robotics have turned a frightening fiction into a dawning reality. With global arms manufacturer Kalashnikov recently launching a fully automated range of combat modules and startup Duke Robotics attaching machine guns to drones, the future of robotic and autonomous warfare seems incredibly close.The original 2015 letter, directed at the UN, was co-signed by over 1,000 different scientists and researchers from around the world, including Stephen Hawking, Noam Chomsky and Steve Wozniak. The UN slowly, but surely, responded, formally convening a group of experts in late 2016, under the banner of the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) with a view towards discussing and implementing a global ban.

Source: As the UN delays talks, more industry leaders back ban on weaponized AI

Single-lens, light field 4D camera to give robots and autonomous cars better vision

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These lenses were produced to provide a field of view encompassing nearly a third of the circle around the camera to create 360-degree images at a resolution of 125 megapixels per video frame. In the original version, the video camera used fiber optic bundles to convert the spherical images into flat focal planes. It worked, but it was also expensive.The new camera dispenses with the fiber bundles in favor of a combination of lenslets developed by UC San Diego and digital signal processing and light field photography technology from Stanford, which is what the team say gives the camera a “fourth dimension.”

Source: Single-lens, light field 4D camera to give robots and autonomous cars better vision

Google tested its AI by having it fine tune chocolate chip cookie recipes — Quartz

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Google’s answer? Have neural networks help the neural networks.The search company, along with a handful of startups like SigOpt, are now working to automate this task, called hyperparameter tuning, which is one of the main reasons why humans are needed to build AI in the first place.

Source: Google tested its AI by having it fine tune chocolate chip cookie recipes — Quartz

Elon Musk’s OpenAI Bot Beats Pro Dota 2 Player | News & Opinion | PCMag.com

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Artificial intelligence developed by the Elon Musk-backed OpenAI bested human players this weekend at The International, an annual Dota 2 championship.While that might not sound too impressive on its face—we’ve seen Google-developed AI beat Go players—Dota 2 is “vastly more complex than traditional board games like chess & Go,” Musk tweeted.”Dota’s a great testbed for artificial intelligence; it’s a very complicated game with a large competitive scene,” OpenAI co-founder and CTO Greg Brockman said in a video explaining the project (below). “The rules of Dota are so complicated [that] if you just think really hard about how the game works and try to write those rules down, you’re not even going to be able to reach the performance of a reasonable player.”

Source: Elon Musk’s OpenAI Bot Beats Pro Dota 2 Player | News & Opinion | PCMag.com

Machines with Brains — Quartz

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The boundaries between person and machine are becoming difficult to define. Human brains power robotic limbs; an artificially intelligent machine serves as the manager for tens of thousands of workers; chatbots act as digital replicas of us. Humanity is, in effect, getting an upgrade.What were once capabilities thought unique to humans are now powering technologies that could offer the ability to extend and deepen our lives—or supplant our livelihoods.

Source: Machines with Brains — Quartz

Artificial Intelligence Is Changing How Companies Hire; It’s No Longer Just About Killer Resumés And Vibrant Personality

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According to Fast Company, Facebook, IBM, and scores of other companies have started incorporating AI into their hiring practices. But one of the basic questions potential candidates are asking, is: You can impress a person with your great personality and charm, but how do you impress (essentially) a robot?Reports suggest that the AI systems used in the HR department are more sophisticated than flipping through the pages of numerous resumés received by big companies. They are also programmed to scan work samples or the potential candidates, scroll through their social media posts, and analyse facial expressions on behalf of the HR managers.For example, Talla the chatbot can even provide a set of interview questions based upon the role of the prospective candidate. Rob May, CEO of Talla, told Forbes: “You can look at Talla as an intelligent assistant which is able to augment a mid level HR professionals’ job so she can focus on more strategic HR issues.”

Source: Artificial Intelligence Is Changing How Companies Hire; It’s No Longer Just About Killer Resumés And Vibrant Personality

Panasonic Uses AI to Keep Drowsy Drivers Awake | News & Opinion | PCMag.com

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When fully-autonomous vehicles become the norm, the former human driver can sleep as much as they like behind the wheel. But until that happens, falling asleep while driving poses a serious and potentially deadly risk. The advice we always hear is if you feel tired, pull over. Panasonic believes it has a better solution: use AI to keep the driver comfortably awake at all times.

Source: Panasonic Uses AI to Keep Drowsy Drivers Awake | News & Opinion | PCMag.com